Following an expose in the Wilmington Star News, media outlets were swarming with articles about GenX. GenX is a chemical used to manufacture Teflon. It replaced perfluorooctanoic acid when that chemical was found to correlate highly with high cholesterol, ulcerative colitis, thyroid disease, testicular cancer, kidney cancer, and pregnancy-induced hypertension. Since the compounds were similar, the newspaper raised alarms. GenX has been found in Cape Fear River tests since 2012, but Chemours, the chemical company accused of dumping it, claims they installed abatement systems in 2013. Furthermore, the chemical is not currently regulated by the EPA. Literature published by Chemours describes GenX as having a “favorable toxicological profile” with “very rapid bioelimination.” Independent tests, however, found the chemical to resist removal by conventional water filtration methods. Civic leaders got onboard with a campaign to require Chemours to stop using the chemical until the EPA can make conclusive determinations about its toxicity. Chemours agreed to pay for the testing.